1) Well Formed Outcomes
You can listen to Pam’s presentation of the session by clicking on play below.
You can either follow the text in the PDF, or you can follow the Session by scrolling down the page.
“What do you want?”
In the earliest modelling experience of Satir and Erickson, Bandler and Grinder discovered the basic premise of modelling excellence. One of the key differences that made Satir and Erickson excellent therapists was that they were Outcome Oriented in their client work, to the outcomes that the client wanted.
Why set outcomes?
By setting an outcome, we become aware of the difference between what we have currently and what we want instead. By filtering one’s thinking toward what we want to achieve, we pay attention to the opportunities which will assist us in achieving our desired outcome.
In setting outcomes and having an Outcome Orientation, we create a direction and purpose in life by which we can “programme” ourselves to consistently achieve what we want. By achieving our outcomes and continually reviewing and setting new outcomes, short and long term, we create the success we desire and deserve in all aspects our life.
How to achieve your Outcomes
Ensure that what you think you want really is what you want!
Use the Well Formed Outcomes Model to check that you know what you are going for, and that your behaviour is appropriate and ecological. You may also need to check out what other people involved want, and then dovetail your outcomes. Without an outcome you are more likely to be blown off course by external factors.
Well Formed Outcomes Model
1. Stated in the Positive
- What do you want?
- What will that do for you?
2. Demonstrable in Sensory Experience – Evidence Procedure
How will you know when you have got it?
- V What will you be seeing when you have got it?
- A What will you be hearing when you have got it?
- K What will you be feeling when you have got it?
- V What will I see you doing when you have got it?
- A What will I hear you saying when you have got it?
3. Started and Maintained by You
Can you start and maintain this outcome?
4. Appropriately Contextualised
- When, where and with who do you want it?
- When, where and with who do you not want it?
- How long for?
5. Maintain the Current Positive Byproducts
What do you get out of your current behaviour that you would wish to preserve?
6. Ecology Check
- Is it worth the cost to you?
- Is it worth the time it is going to take?
- Is this outcome in keeping with your sense of self?
Our thoughts have a profound effect on the way we feel; they become a plan of what we are going to do and the more clearly thought out and distinctive your goals are the more actively you will pursue them.
The power of positive language: say what you do want, not what you don’t want! The way you state a goal does make a difference. Researchers in the mid- to late‑70’s discovered that a goal which is positively stated is more likely to be accomplished than one that is negatively stated.
Checking for Ecology
In setting outcomes, we need to consider very carefully the consequences of achieving that outcome. Ecology is the study of consequences; of considering how any change you make impacts on the wider system of which you are a part. Ecology is having an awareness of the overall system and an Ecology Check is tracking the consequences of the change made in all aspects of that system.
Why do an Ecology Check?
An ecology check on any outcome that we set assists us to recognise the impact of that change in all systems of which we are a part.
How to do an Ecology Check
Questions to ask yourself:
Nobody exists in isolation; we are all part of a larger social system, such as families, friendship networks, work teams, geographical communities, and society in general. More mutual satisfaction results by achieving shared outcomes where everyone wins. So when you set an outcome you also need to consider:
- What will be the consequences of achieving my outcome be in the context of these wider relationships?
- Does my outcome fit in with what other people may want in their lives?
- Does it respect the integrity of the other people involved?
Look also at the consequences of achieving your outcome in a larger frame:
- What else would happen if I got what I want?
- Would there be any understandable by-products?
- What would I have to give up, or take on, to achieve it?
Your outcome and your sense of self
Whenever you set an outcome for yourself ask:
- How does this outcome relate to my sense of self?
And if you get this outcome:
- Will this outcome enhance my sense of who I am?
The stronger the connection between your desired outcome and your sense of self the more compelled you will be to achieve it. So choose carefully.
You are not your outcomes. Know that what you want is not who you are. You are more than your desires. Getting clear about this difference involves separating your identity from your outcomes.
Additional Outcomes Models:
The SMART Model
S: Specific, Short, Simple
M: Measureable, Meaningful to you, Motivates you now
A: Achievable, Act as if now, in present tense, All areas of your life
R: Realistic, Responsible / Ecological
T: Time Framed, Towards what you want /positive (no negations and no comparisons.
The Pacer Model
PACER is very similar to the Well Formed Outcomes Model
Stated in the positive
- What do you want?
- How would you know that you had it?
- What do you see, hear and feel?
- How would someone else know that you had it?
- What are the steps necessary to get there?
- What is the first step?
- What is the last step?
- When do you want it?
- When don’t you want it?
- With whom?
The study of the consequences of achieving your goal.
- For what purpose do you want it?
- Is it representative of you, who you are and where you want to be?
- Does the outcome increase choice?
- What will happen if you get it?
- What won’t happen if you get it?
- What will happen if you don’t get it?
- What won’t happen if you don’t get it?
- Can you initiate and maintain it?
- What do you need to get your outcome?
- Do you know anyone who has done this or achieved this?
Is your Outcome an Outcome or a State?
It is important to check whether your Outcome is an Outcome or whether it is in fact a State, such as confidence:
“I want to be more confident.”
You can access this State – confidence – immediately using the NLP process of anchoring. You do not need to set an outcome.
Outcome or Goal
|Stated Ambiguously||Stated Specifically|
|Write Affirmations||Write Outcomes or Goals|
|You Can Have It Now||Time is involved|
|No Steps (get final step and work backwards)||Steps Needed to Get There|
|Stated for Self and/or Others||Stated for Self Only|
Please ensure that you have read pages 31 – 39 and listened to the MP3 recording before answering the following exercise:
Write your desired outcomes for this programme using the Well Formed Outcomes Model and cross check with the SMART Model and PACER Model.
Make your outcomes so significant that this training will be the most important and the most impactful training you have ever taken.
Please note: Before replying, create and save your answers on your local computer before copying and pasting them here as a reply.
The word counts are intended as a guideline to give you an indication of how much to write.
Where you have relied on additional references please list these at the end of your work. For example:
Coaching with NLP, Joseph O’Connor and Andreas Lages (2004), Chapter 1: What is Coaching? Pages 1 – 13